Antiquities and Tourism
- Sudan is a rich country in historical sites and other basics of natural tourism.
The ancient kingdoms and civilizations which existed for centuries before the birth of the Christ had left seven antiquities of temples, churches, pyramids and relics of towns and palaces... On the other side nature has endowed the Sudan with wildlife, beautiful sceneries, and fascinating shores and coasts on Red Sea.
Civilizations in Sudan date back to 3000 B.C. many kingdoms were established, the strongest of which is the Napatan Kingdom the 8th century B.C., followed by Meroitic Kingdom which ended in 350 A.D. This was followed by Christian Nubian States which were founded in the 6th century, then the Islamic Kingdom: Al-Funj Islamic State 1505-1821, Kingdom of Darfur, Tagali Kingdom then Mahdism State 1885-1898. All these states and kingdoms left wonderful archaeological sites.
Among the main archaeological sites in Sudan is the old kingdom of Kerma sites which reflect a civilization extended from 2500 - 1500 B.C., Bejrawia civilization of the 4th century Kuru, Meowe, Nuri Abu Dom, Nagaa, Musawarat Sufra, Wad Banaga, Tumbus Sai Island, Taba Sadinga, Old Dongola, all in Northern Sudan representing different civilizations and kingdom founded in Sudan since 2500 B.C. leaving behind pyramids palaces temples churches.
Other sites are at Suba East and Abu Fatima in central Sudan and in West Sudan in Turra, Fashir where Islamic Kingdoms were founded. In Omdurman there is Khalifa House Museum. There are some Sudanese archaeological sites registered in the International Record of Heritage such as Jebel Barkal, Nuri, Zoma .etc, the registration of such sites would grant Sudan the right of requesting technical, financial direct assistance from the UNECSO.
Sudan National Museum, Khartoum
The Ethnographic Museum, Khartoum
The Natural History Museum, Khartoum
The Khalifa House Museum, Omdurman
The Military Museum, Khartoum
Shiekan Museum, El-Obied, North Kordofan
Sultan Ali Dinar Museum, El-Fashir, North Darfur State.
Natural Reserves and Wildlife:
Dinder Natural Park:
Several natural reserves are found in Sudan, the most famous of which is El-Dinder Natural Park, the largest in the region.
The park has an area of 3500 square miles located at the southern part of Sinar State and was established as a natural reserve in 1935. It is rich in diverse natural environment, wildlife, birds and creepers ...
Lies in Western Sudan, with many kinds and varieties of wildlife living in this plant rich area.
Began since 1992 with the authorization of establishment of parks for wildlife husbandry. Currently there are some 30 farm distributed over Khartoum, Gezira, Red Sea, White Nile, South Kordofan states with the aim of preserving natural environments, species and to supply museums and zoo keepers.
Red Sea Coast:
In this region one can enjoy the beautiful scene of Sanganaib Island, Aroussa tourist village, coral reefs, and diving in the Red Sea coast which is considered to be one of the most beautiful places world wide. Other tourist areas include Jebel Marra in western Darfur region with its fine moderate climate and fascinating nature, Erkawait resort on the Red Sea Plateau west of Port Sudan and the Sabloqa cataract north of Khartoum.
Revenue from Tourism mounted to from $27,258,000 in 1989, to $73,892,000 in 2004.